Disability affects all of us

The World Health Organization estimates that over a billion people, about 15% of the world's population, have some form of disability.


Describes an extremely diverse group of people with different abilities and functional capabilities, which spans age, race, gender, ethnicity, and sexual orientation.

What is disability?

The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health advanced the understanding and measurement of disability.


Disability refers to difficulties encountered in any or all three areas of functioning.

Disability arises from the interaction of health conditions with contextual factors.

Body Functions

& Structures

Are problems in body function or alterations in body structure

Activity Limitations

Are difficulties in executing activities

Participation restrictions

Are problems with involvement in any area of life

functioning is categorized in 3 inter-connected areas



Describes the world in which people with different levels of functioning must live and act



Such as motivation and self esteem, which can influence how much a person participates in society

contextual factors are classified in two area
The icf treats disability as a continuum rather than categorizing people with disabilities as separate groups:

disability is a matter of more or less, not yes or no


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